Der mediterane Raum in der Antike, Rom als erstes Empire und die Frage nach der Aufteilung des Politischen im Stadium der Globalisierung: Start der Studienreihe cultrans in der Klosteranlage in Gibilmanna auf Sizilien Originalkonzept 1999: Europe has always been a continent in which cultures have been exchanged, extinguished, mixed, but in most cases have been simultaneously and reciprocally enriched and delimited. During the course of the project “Cultural Transfers” historical lines of development could be traced and verified through empirical studies. The ancient Mediterranean region could already be read as a complex history of imports and exports between homeland cities and colonial centres of trade such as Memphis, Athens, Syracuse, Alexandria and Rome. Through this exploration the unique role of Greece gains a new value. The Europeanization of world culture entails as well a contrary conclusion: the globalization of Europe itself requires a new cultural identity. Provisional appraisal: Founded in 1999, the study series “Cultural Transfers”, after stations in Gibilmanna, Syracuse/Sicily (the cultural exchange in the Mediterranean region), in Cairo (the Egyptian culture as ‘hinge’ in classical antiquity and in the Islamic world today) and in Johannesburg (the significance of South-African culture within Africa and as a global factor) and Mexico City (the particular position between North and South America) has opened up research fields and new areas of experience that now must be conceptually interrelated and critically reflected upon.